]P4S&uLa,2Y(ggo*P;Ms=\R5K+o ;';k W'$)K"TleOUH2J&q?JGW"pi!^^$VbG\CDh+h9,g(qt>T]u]*M):4["p@I0Q.p$HWI7#X?#@%EZnq2 endstream endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 243 0 R /Resources 61 0 R /Contents 62 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 61 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F4 205 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Length 2759 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream Added to the length of service is the employee’s converted unused sick leave hours on the day of retirement. 78/t)k`1fE-BG3#?;d4",_`k)C! !4Msl.O5_[Ng?^!e2idRA9H:cQ!lB0Z*V$(TTP?Tk205.&SBD-jIF1TN1O(RH8L%, PV"6C]d6ZNWE,SGrGCM8^F,>J@Ct.bln5<< Entering degrees, minutes and seconds is simple. H'@ca)F';^)?>5f4a[~> k'=4BklN6$%Bt70mQGgmQ)c.:n:j6FV[=eYtA#m8m]/p3BLkG`?g#T1;ZgqqUZrNRJ6:DGO]7_).b\TZmh00]n&r$p*Bdja JCp!$hE2!&F.A[0@IOGG,["!AXLnnOA`/:0#kMGkR2hsl^8e*KLlM)nJh nO[Wm+?-2!^I\KcAhL*7;GPNls^.N*)gEV,`! $RYB;5W-[aM'4O*$^N\Z'1*r+HT^L*FR>S776MH`>;kb4qd&pCaASQhA7NQMa'bfkW#*K1Gc:6D3I!,:\es=+CiQ!U=o(qNEQbj1au)-H1&j'jQ!Io]iSfGLU^@S\#Bi*N? ':=FKE\Cg`:WqNO(nJQ7J$oB$1q%k=F6oA*2N7&LSsLD'C93nmRaq?a^cCb. Download from so many useful civil engineering files for free! \DQOUdmn9Ig's?T1k3W%%/1fj.O52C$Ya&9;U%COA Ms5%MhOS#$r:Jt/E]j4#+!UQc0J$f)dJaj.;NhSr9Gh? [BhG40*'?^HA0a0Z&CkA##$;AohSeo*;"t+j.aKglGuicOH5_KQk/#)j8-A ;?F(KM`RRs5oOMHDe:8YlA gB`E\+?A":W$qNu]MsAI+n.$G6bJEZN_@pA /LZ5=^/r7:X[Z-h5VS09l[=WG;9N_/F6jiq8o]LhUC]]'*P,OilV?i+HuF&h?/'Nh Hence, in this way, we can calculate the area of land which is irregular in shape. :(WF*lA4fds0nC,"NcD9cGbSO%D@>@qdG6imCh!- @/fq/dX33.%3B"s0?9] g[0J8*SYH'PARbck+CiqgMNeS[bGQ$OF)D[gMQ1l[bH:5rnZ? :0"mRd(3RreQc)m2AdoT9<1Ca9;A?da3\0)F>^_I$sYf.gbgVRor8!t =]^Ne>Mk^a!a_MoY.2O-_gYs`?&g+kHhiPTn:q"A6Y7SX^fl@07c(C=8P'%:>;8h7 'd`><1#8s&)6-O4^lB-UU(f=R4@jk/\gQC95d9o]he1i`HkR='\?&Ck\ZE#aOY?KU MRbL40L`g"aB2j8n]Gre^:6A3^6XX&T]$0o7)X7]Ib7EQg7JZAMe;&cO3dcd+_ N3dk+N2IKP^Q\3Tc"q]Q7;acfg@KXMBG#5$n+F&9nZ8=,Jtm9KCl4-Ur_AZJir1m=L`GI2KL8KF;YjLdB:Z/F$1lV),_Ja [ueG=n^E_n]`"0K n]TJEf2(S]j4SYO&H>Du64'=#$53;-9X7")PRt)Rp91P.hEXA(51k"s?m)Q1Pn! :(/H 81-ra3ita7Vu8-"V.tPdr@8#cmZn\?$Ah8D5A3t:f/k/@Q9%inl4EBuI1[3#P.$PM lT#;H?4`HYOsMdU*4G/n-Pc%$bsfJ#-+Qut+jIZZ._7ai#ZO3$>RsL@FS9!/KSmK# 8;XELbAu>q'V3OV)h%sVe4^#*8H?B6I\cBW:#dYh,4:&[@"g$u3[A9:+4*79:\6;e Qqf1u+LnH?L6-H97#/t\j@+d/0;Nb4^T>ab`d"B">\4]]k*rIAo'OQP:THUYaYGN> 'RMFeb7\s)KhSECUhTrl8_ot)'KcPjo0gE6TNV%Rc@fhhS"Dq&I(c*-P)hhWrUe9/ aM6/Ld"S,_Ai%uh+IHaY_GSP8Nb;=a=B(G@MZAV5=qaWFI%FYOc7[ej0@s945J=fT :(WF*lA4fds0nC,"NcD9cGbSO%D@>@qdG6imCh!- oj.sAnCp'GVPoc3. :=E/l3<8"[K1n;e !_#XRK~> 8;WR49lo&Y'!4mqM8*M[@$Na@%h&Z@>h5e6`2P^GAD\PKF:0/mV[MH)=ohrrOW6(S6urb6P)_;;m*pGq%Aj*P@mdInru Surveyors have to calculate these types of land so, often and they get more problems in such types of land to calculate actual area. 8;W"$a`?-*&?Spn`38AL=;?iMK0?b5U#iDh,SHZ+liRM%WDR)4AcU6$D^7Q0^J$R? $.KRTmKf=:iU=Dr,WNA-_s2#u]Jd?=W)2#sEoXh4?h?XQ^Gp:90teC'ZM^-ltb37RL?I7)f\ _nOrS75ei^C1%,$$t]Q*N,=,0)Ic6Z,@+I>WB$PE'Pl0a5+54*lQQ`cK$:scs-c[Y after that take measurement of all sides of the land. i35TMiNS=\%>'+`6q,0h7,F=dtEBGj1!/oi@NLEhC7.LrA,JOsLQMNH:mmhGMpsW71X)R= LPuFNF%p;Go/e2i,q=SoM9k/+0ILY5Mqj]MAnBR40WQId2Hg$+d4Y,rI.%-'#-E(2 ]R_FUAD?8s1Dr DO0TtQ,A"PJ`t#84L*ImBUq]A7Z`hrhT^$JPluDO+=OoN/$Y]L92HoDjr/'2df17$ Um]+ElRRQH,)h(,9r7*e5&Rq! 2nLPgD=Ys45NQnlp=O1>r%>YNp9--egUsId6+J9eULIW+Dpbq@Hu@*G6c]02;(-rC L.5"$VoW!Rm&0^)k`dtHl49UV8C3cRNb-(kQb':@XDcK_70)mf9'`/C]dV;egESjQ 4OTRiljJ"#f9f5@&?l8)=0q+36kQM:*!Q`5_+Z+V_N)VQPTL5a;KM'H$:_Ge2cR@O :e6Fl's"l^:g+Qu"*Nu7Po4rQT_Y6u_gq;u++U?oe/sT*Zh"4em!prmo$.t(50,f( 5-V*FYU>DUbLq^J.dd=Q"\.R!,d#)CRWK'@UW_&Sfi*GOTHqLL0qSf;(`Ncr`0-Ff I hope you understood and you can calculate the area of these types of land. [A3/erP4 +>S$k#@48c9,iU@/1["l(G>NRhVVDrI?g]q%(IiD6AdiE'IXcd(3-lPHs`2Dl[7JR g+-!%gG"-O/+aa#)Os'kJ#-,8QbQNMX/Hcq8?! @\-*sc;VNTiq#^4/0*PQ4t>V+)$' GLS4X6?9\^_aNbVLB^orn[[/^#9B#XHNu@%a$%H+9S1BK0p.uqOmB,cDSt)GQZ7s So, Using above formula we get, Area = L X B = (14 X 8) = 112 m 2. Now, you can see in the figure, total land has divided into two-parts with blue line diagonals and they are triangle in shape. :L#JiUpR'Z^\JK<9BdqS6aRc`mI(#+9@EM!LBgCn^AVA"IGqd96Ks7N8FHEFS`G@'rB8UBGGLi/AU8W6RA_lYM),tS]"9k.IEHEDDC>3RRc nAh6fSK^/_(-m4kJ>a:WU790dFqIF:J?&fP9h8`KZ,0W*i(RV7M1b$L^j_%T;)MbUdCWf #Q"_:l)7DLZQ$c-W*8_k8YiEEd1Yelh0ur7(I"H`[6Z\Kdb%QX>5Ip,erj%1_H[$J 5PK(;_b7"PLY2VOO1Ku:G3]XsX8$kB_ScCiF1&?03qe\86d)dRbX60bJ+\(f_'qoFe[&h>+qFFk#I dW;VVd@rOR&K7QCD%\pd51sXLNIi&jT. This spreadsheet uses the Any Level Method (Coordinate Method) to compute the end area of the embankment or excavation at a given Station. qu:$:VdKJ#qY`)El$pH@htm@sldie:r@"lHfDh]5Vbb&6s6/gJ)2R4]EKSXr\7!W9 You can also calculate the area of above land by dividing land into two parts in rectangle and triangle which you can see in the figure by the green line. i:I_'l4H"R-?GpeLL=VTF?,p`$F.rA9njJIdmOPd1S^"Bp!\4n$pft1etKUi26p`O B`c! !puUoASXDc-hpcJX_[;Y%`qq=i]DF>*+ud_P+cT[]P*>ZRu"Z>`,eo q4a>ng$=)]N7,sPu[AlZKspA`Fb!OHA,J^CBU_=W"JQIX)_no0^km`pqslPGrW`a.9B"(uDo2 Df**9-MH'HE6Qb=_sb%kIitQJ2'D>SZ8S(n_eldO$n3/SG_k*k##+1H[bGXi\BesF []QWa*hQ,-g1T-2FPjS-s4V2OVCd[7^;=41>Z>_Brn=$re$-J=S1qX[ ]fOj:K"L"8`E>rU'iO@`&*j/Gj0#eVq$FYb5dB^p4BnKrG7i[ZjSV^-'7?MadlE1. Morgan formula can be modified for return period as: Design flood = QP [T/500]1/3 Where Q = 3000 A0.5; W.P creagar formula: This formula was solved by creagon from the study of peak flood in USA.Qp = CA ’ 10.894 in cumecs. G%`0AlTY/Se:Hg32mMe)6_AL"\1jbtasZ!^)$SIrf8 &l*ksMue]gq@"&P!l)"3^C<0YL ^-`VOkJ`c^ )B RUoA0L4A/Z.]O2@8^%o\ECq#4ajn&QV!,%X/*b7,O*?1I+8B))4*N58npZ7HBBR<=^7N=qR_L4fiRL$O_2KgaJCk;@m#X#H9j=!mWH#SkAm=4bL2>QJ!CflHb,hP^,GAABCii@J#;em)cVhi0CL8;,'=b]:^WMoarR!\,=ARd%,$_4cOX3! HbXs[Qu9$L+mX!d9Uds$@POG[_1V:3(KJ3ALTJH>E;\q_FjKgQa#MU@j)"G8522C4 8%ms\@!U[5?1(8*BE[>q;E""Tj ;DTW>qBE[Aot!o+s0&Wn;q6A@RX4tM&YRbH'SB'qnIbebBQs+5rSRYS]mm_Fs529( R = Radius of the curve in metre. _6Z\LhP'apN;=IV=5K1%ADP! 0#%2sl$rA!lhXt7CJ4]=?e]@'>3_IQoTt(#s(b4!qlg%Js1Xh,p$_=Vp&-Q@l$oPX U8Bs>K#!%!k[NL&.,+gbT0,ZQ:Kk9A2D)=Xr3"(+##ekq)"$e_^lH8;(f+I QH>1ueZGVMNY$'a7V. ^-`VOkJ`c^ )6Qg)+LW25,4YS^i*:;,##P5Pe:`g\:dKm[j. DuC]-)e#u+Nios:gG3!iM33q? X'?eY&*eARkM6oDnX5p0R?V@XTQ?Bg6\)bskMmW-hcYH_Ra,mfWc-I`]fcDtZm8FE Q5:6;XO/m;,=YNJle^Hk*@@MPlr5(1@TTn``O%C2HAc]ZV]Sas0C\dnY7PmgPtl5< )!_"!l^9j?Ko!$EcQ$9hs.7>R :Wbpo%/"cb6-K'C3%p18A&nWL?If(*0)?CQl2Ue6d]V,R3*$ANs6p$h&-~> +qC,a+1];RZ7N:S1*C(A+V07ScKeOfTHm7A`2iCTRd\;t$qSakG:*BSQH/o4[eC*D δ is the angle between the soil and the wall. 8;Wj^`u[.6`_bM7Ps hkCEAJ3@if5/QtO(\/FKgt$`nY`I_(M/Y-Q!L,A]Eu#u"_jt7[76CI)]e^(a5YcSA HoBaZ9*YqIFhSh7#QD>Q*I%M5s8Q97qPi0]?G@iP>!sV$h`P.J*M#\pk/&!5Q=a\ DOWNLOAD LINK j[Ik0];k%,O=q]0YC.M32I)=1CFJ9_WEE7=anOXj<4`DY`0DYM72N(Ej7imke8s5q U3`I8I!C1G:f37``a`(clot(U9XmW;_0p:oLJ'IL7Oq&aO:A8Ee6Y*R3Ierr 9jU7f#Y#Pd!9/mVqATt\$'e>)p6rg"H@dOSc'j>u'c]T*JH,ffpkA90L3q%3VHtF9 Concrete ratio and the quantity of material involved in the formation of the concrete what civil engineer as the fresher dont know these days , i recommend them to read your article well written and they can easily learn from here and sharpen their skills for the interview. %u"4I6:<9!+sTiCrn/! Y!:X[RUS[ITk(u(/H\*l[^]OP:=6m5h03U0.,.!79H? ]>kq2MGoX.\*Nh_qVu[I?oCX0^+l_>Q"uuO@B\s(* 8;WR4bAu>q'V0EHYII6*;o&UPkH9]DV!_? *CXLVq3*f>nX>!#(/kJK3Ij8=J^[(td to find out the area of these types of land, first of all, burry four pegs or ranging rod at all corners of the land. 1qoJEn*C#If'Q/_oploVmZtTep:j>:s1eTdXjmWRReL5Irk1PEZ:BAWs6kI2^]/a$ HbXs[Qu9$L+mX!d9Uds$@POG[_1V:3(KJ3ALTJH>E;\q_FjKgQa#MU@j)"G8522C4 $-q:R;n"Gj3$BU2HDPt=pS(dk>_&uM9CMMd6(n-@Y,\*f\Y&l&lP_k(ISZ;J]fIdL PjJZY=^V#eST#8Q-6E/gioI%I.PO-8fDFAh)ME-l0\"9Y3MJP"]&0sdm38<2)$rNU jYjfmiKhn1H2ec[IfLs8(>&~> "b2!Sh0_f,&e%pm@H&@*Cdh%:!DH/EM*6t4& IMPORTANT 1000 GATE CIVIL ENGINEERING FORMULAS TOPIC WISE PDF We already know cracking of GATE exam is not easiest one. 0[4$YBe$\S/;YIR4D\k'=fp0'Uh*i(Effg?&e+Z+`'cQT8b/pGj?L(>"R+R`PPYL9 3--?#bKX0pj?-L=?RE'eYn8/f!E64PM9'l6?P-H)I7;A;S[aD5j2El,J8Ugr?K4@U In these types of land, all sides are different from each other. 6@83b+5+?D9kI]IH,J;mI`AW%_qcZC^ZJ01-,R?kS]0pc)uHbZ_j.Y*mHI9XBN\QE now let us calculate the area of trapezium plots or land. List down all the shapes … b_LcR&+*6bS,s\uF$H!LWYVTGR7*9n0;Gi`C!=I#CLS2B/cSGpfX"R[mURH@eY[+$ @O7P8K2lBd#2V,+N'/>Hr`Cq;48:JfchmX(ngt7i+@LDKK8\!/ F%!GF[Rf>sJYs:OeJ6+i7P%:a.d_]Z^UE*/,tb_203=ZNpJQ-mg#K&T%&hc8MAHpI All plots or land are not in fix geometrical shapes like a triangle, rectangle, or square. 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'oq);ZQ+IuB(Ct=\B='JGS"#Jl]O=P!FP%!0A5+T.06dqW[`gsI"YBiKEgtn7 8;W:,a`?-*&?T45'n$3_k%GM=QCL9=oN%hg&`Jr7"%\AAaB3*U1p'Qr?`%JpJk1bC It+RQ]e6n^]l_f9r?R,aYPl53P+>*ms$=B6e0j_58QNV&YHLMC6peZbWX7,Js7/)s STq!CgfML16bB945p`,sK,_(8.Ntj+'%L7T[-2A`h)4f.5 %?SC+9G2*Q(&&ZS>SV,T=D[PKJ_H/#V6s#p0MMc#$r/YS#g+fQ"i5h4G=Z0p5cW;h @1M=8=7'/kcD])#"=,Ome=NQ%BpF!SNF;Dg@rMJ]7DjR=HlUO6^Z3&.pD"DcD3?`G?7B-uYp_8E-*O,o3,[]- /VEC,!gW8\qa\p@2't>Lc.r9]k(i7Ue(_(ej$/%,FYXBN$gk.kO%q:0'ToYndeKlj ZggFV't*A%),Cm0"@6R#jBimt\GrsdF0spO!`6,?J5QBLdQ[NlN](_8O;o-L,VPV! 100% Free online AutoCAD course – Basic to Advance, Factors affecting the valuation of building- purpose, terms, Cause, Effect, and Types of Segregation of concrete, Steel Vs Concrete – Advantages and Disadvantages With features, How to calculate bricks in a wall pdf – With Brick Masonry Pier, Brick masonry – Types, Tools, materials required and Procedure, IS codes for civil engineering free download pdf – All Codes Used, Cinder block vs Concrete block – Application, Uses, Cost-efficient, etc, Rain Water Harvesting Methods – Importance, Disadvantages, Design of circular water tank – Resting on the Ground, Under the Ground, AAC blocks vs Red bricks – Composition, Application, Preparation, Plane Table Surveying- Principle, Types, Two-point Problem, What is PCC DPC and RCC in civil engineering | RCC and PCC, Size of steel bars used for Construction – Civil Concept, Minimum clear cover for slab, column, beam, Retaining Structure, Step by Step- RCC roof Slab steel calculation- Numerical Example, Uses of rain gauge | Rain gauge types | Tipping bucket rain gauge, Relation between Discharge velocity and Seepage velocity in soil mass, 2020 – Soil mechanics by bc punmia pdf free download [.PDF], Rate analysis for Concrete- Step by Step calculation with table. Z]=9E2u9hWf"E&ObR9IY,VgDdEM'9&8(Di\N&32me'%%+(pmab*r`%MKdWQ7T6=*r do/jKk75-$=#*uEQ0F6+7X>WdsJ0bkZf&s,BeTP9mbh#oNB44Wc-hNA&$IZD1Un CONTENTS Preface xi Acknowledgments xiii How to Use This Book xv Chapter 1. BrickWork Calculation & best automatic calculator to find quantity of bricks with or without mortar and you can also add thickness of RCC bed if required in calculation. 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