Conclusion. Contextual Introduction. Additional pressure from tourism developers, coastal construction, farmers and Indonesia contains the largest area of mangrove forest in the world About 3 million hectares of mangrove forest grow along Indonesia’s 95,000 km coastline. Mangrove forests in Vietnam can be divided into four zones (Hong, 1984, 1991): Zone 1 (northeast) between Ngoc cape to Do Son cape with an area of 39,400 ha; zone 2 (northern delta) from Do Son cape to Lach River mouth (7000 ha); zone 3 (central coast) from the Lach river mouth to Vung Tau cape with a 14,300 ha mangrove forests; zone 4 (coast of southern Vietnam) between Vung Tau Cape … Mangrove destruction is an increasing problem along many coastlines worldwide (UNEP, 1995). These have in large part Demand of the question Introduction. Causes of Depletion of Mangroves * Clearing: Large tracts of mangrove forests have been cleared to make room for agricultural land, human settlements, industrial areas, shrimp aquaculture etc. FAO cited high population pressure, the large-scale conversion of mangrove areas for shrimp and fish farming, agriculture, infrastructure and tourism, as well as pollution and natural disasters as the major causes for the destruction … Anthropogenic Causes (a). NASA maps trace causes of global mangrove habitat loss While overall mangrove habitat loss declined between 2000 and 2016, losses from natural causes such as erosion and extreme weather declined more slowly than human Destruction of the Mangrove Forest of the Sundarbans This satellite image shows the Bay of Bengal where the rivers Ganges, Brahmapoutre and Meghna meet the sea, otherwise known as the Sundarbans. The information gathered by this study provides an initial look at the effects of this destruction on the structure of zooplankton An organic shrimp farming initiative and a mangrove protection law have cut human-caused destruction in Vietnam, but waves and storms are eating away … Source: Valiela et al. Mangroves absorb excess water but they are being destroyed in Mumbai in the guise of infrastructure development, city-based environmentalist Debi Goenka told PTI. Mangroves are salt-tolerant vegetation that grows in intertidal regions of rivers and estuaries. Pollution – Expanding of the Industries, farming aquaculture and agriculture near the river basins has led to the production of huge amounts of garbage, wastewater, pollutants and other effluents being discharged to the mangrove wetland. "Destruction of mangroves has definitely been one of the major causes of flooding, since the land reclaimed from mangroves is now blocking the rain water from flowing out into the sea. Other Causes Other causes behind mangrove forest deterioration are loss of soil fertility, geomorphological changes, high salinity ecological succession, inadequate regeneration and low yield The deterioration of mangroves can lead to serious consequences, including a reduction in biodiversity, species decline, genetic erosion, extinction, increased flooding, and decline in water quality. Mangrove Destruction Despite increasing awareness regarding value and importance, the destruction of mangrove swamps continues to take place in many parts of the world under a variety of economic as-well-as political motives. Here are 17 Causes of Ocean Destruction. This is 23 percent of all mangrove ecosystems in the world (Giri et al., 2011). Study shows the causes of mangrove deforestation in Southeast Asia Your friend's email Your email I would like to subscribe to Science X Newsletter. Socio-Economic Aspects of Mangrove Degradation in an Urban Setting: A Case Study of Muanivatu Settlement, Suva, Fiji: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4372-6.ch014: In Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS), the degradation of 15 Causes of Coral Reef Destruction - Effects, coral reefs are indeed beautiful, home for a million sea creatures in the ocean, no need to destruct. Accurate estimates of Mangroves Mangroves are various kinds of trees up to medium height and shrubs that grow in saline coastal sediment habitats in the tropics and subtropics. Mangrove habitat was reduced and fragmented through dredging and filling for residential canals (Kruczynski and McManus, 2002), which increases vulnerability to further destruction or invasion by exotic plants (Strong and Causes of Mangrove Depletion So far we have discussed the importance of mangroves, the current situation in Pakistan and the importance of mangroves with respect to Pakistan. The destruction has the potential to kill off habitats, plants and animals that live in the ocean ecosystem. Mangrove deforestation in Myanmar is the clearing of mangrove forests, usually for commercial uses or resources extraction, which is occurring mainly in 3 different regions: Rakhine State, Ayeyarwaddy Mega Delta, and Tanintharyi Division., Ayeyarwaddy Mega Delta, and Tanintharyi Division. Mangrove forests are found in many parts of Indonesia, with regionally important mangrove ecosystems located in Papua, Kalimantan […] Thailand has lost 84 percent of its mangroves, the highest rate of mangrove loss of any nation, while the Ivory scientists, government, local populations of biotic and socioeconomic services. Destruction of mangroves and unplanned constructions are responsible for flooding in Mumbai every year after heavy rains, say environment activists and town planners. 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causes of mangrove destruction

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