We know for certain that William Shakespeare is the sole author of most of the plays. This list breaks down Shakespeare’s plays by type. There are many other plays said to have some attribution to Shakespeare, not least Cardenio, which the RSC staged in 2011. In order to answer the question—How many words did Shakespeare invent?—we’ll first need to define our terms. For much of his life, William Shakespeare was the house playwright for an acting company called the King’s Men that performed his plays on the banks of the River Thames in London. Students will study one play from the list of six set texts. (Another can of worms is scenes in Shakespeare plays that may have been written by other dramatists, such as Christopher Marlowe, George Peele and George Wilkins.) [14] Even in the more dreary of the histories, the language is still so sharp and well-chosen. Hamlet is the most often adapted Shakespeare play; Over half of all Shakespeare feature film adaptations are based on Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth or Othello. Certainly many visitors from abroad came to see Shakespeare’s plays. Those published in the late 1600s, after the restoration of the English monarchy, include drastic changes and "improvements" reflecting the preferences of that time. There could be as many as 3,000 spectators for any play, a huge number for a city of about 200,000 people, as London was at this time. Shakespeare died in 1616. Of the movies based on Shakespeare, which plays are most frequently adapted? Total speeches in all plays: 34,895 Total plays: 37 Average per play: 943. Shakespeare's audience for his outdoor plays was the very rich, the upper middle class, and the lower middle class. Should we count words invented and then forgotten? Each Shakespeare play has five acts, and each act has one or more scenes. There are at least five Shakespeare plays with ghosts: Hamlet (ghost of his father) Macbeth (ghost of Banquo) Julius Caesar (ghost of Caesar) Richard III (Ghosts of Henry VI and Edward IV) Cymbeline (ghosts of Pothumus's father, mother and brothers) Source: Shakespeare Complete Works; RSC/Macmillan. 3.1.2 The 19th-century novel . Quarto editions of the plays continued to be produced as well. It would also attract the whole range of the population, “stretching from the aristocracy to the poorest workmen and boys,” in the words of Andrew Gurr, one of the foremost scholars on the Shakespearean stage. Most plays, however, are cut down for performance. Of the 36 plays in the First Folio, 18 had not yet been printed at all. No writer’s living reputation can compare to that of Shakespeare, whose notable plays include the tragedies Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, King Lear, Macbeth, and Othello. But as Shakespeare turns 450, which of the great adaptations still have legs? The plays listed here reflect those published in the First Folio of 1623, with the addition of Pericles and The Two Noble Kinsmen (both believed to be collaboratively written with Shakespeare). He is known for his sonnets. The Oxfordians argue quite reasonably, that proof of Shakespeare’s authorship is largely circumstantial and sketchy at best. Comedies All’s Well That Ends Well: Bertie runs away to avoid his new wife, Helena, but she follows him and tricks him into being her […] But without their publication, we would likely have lost many of Shakespeare’s works. William Shakespeare was an English dramatist, poet, and actor considered by many to be the greatest dramatist of all time. A complete list of all the plays in order, from longest to shortest. It's amazing how many wonderful plays one man wrote. Shakespeare's plays are widely regarded as being among the greatest in the English language and are continually performed around the world. Note: A "speech" consists of either words spoken by a character, or a stage direction — anything from a one-word shout to a long soliloquy. Only the most profound tragedies, in accordance with Senecan models, occasionally eschewed all music except for the sounds of trumpets and drums.In his later tragedies, William Shakespeare defied this orthodoxy and used songs startlingly and movingly, particularly in Othello, King Lear, and Hamlet. It is not clear if Shakespeare ever visited Italy during his lifetime however, many of his plays are based around locations in Italy. Within his body of work, at least 40 plays and 154 sonnets, he created a number of terms like “mered,” “rigol,” … William Shakespeare is widely regarded as one of the greatest playwrights of all time. Shakespeare is usually spoken at the rate of 1000 lines per hour so you can get a rough estimate how long each play is in performance. Collaborations. Many of the plays were published during Shakespeare's lifetime as individual plays in a quarto format. William Shakespeare died 400 years ago this month, on April 23, 1616. "Naufragium," written by Erasmus in 1523, and a true story about a shipwreck written in 1609 by William Strachey are two primary inspirations. This article is about the settings of Shakespeare's plays, for the main article regarding this topic, see William Shakespeare's plays and William Shakespeare's works (disambiguation).This article is not to be confused with the cataloging reference article List of Shakespeare's works.. It took me all of 20 seconds to research this answer online. Traditionally Shakespeare’s play types are categorised as Comedy, History, Roman and Tragedy, with some additional categorised proposed over the years. It is this fact that makes the First Folio so important; without it, many of Shakespeare’s plays, including Twelfth Night, Measure for Measure, Macbeth, Julius Caesar and The Tempest, might never have survived. Just as there is debate over the correct chronology and accurate publication of Shakespeare’s plays, there is also debate over authorship of certain works. In total, there are 525 feature films which give William Shakespeare some form of writing credit. Shortly after the writer’s death what is known as the First Folio was printed. His plays are set in 12 countries, with cities in what is now Italy being Shakespeare’s favourite backdrop. To mark the 400th anniversary of Shakespeare's death YouGov reveals his most popular plays in 2016. 3.1.1 Shakespeare . Shakespeare's plays, listed by speech count List plays by genre title word count date. Like several other plays, Shakespeare's "The Tempest" was taken from several other sources. What are folios and quartos? The canon of Shakespeare’s plays is not a clear, cut-and-dried list. The Two Gentlemen of Verona. Europe, Africa and the Middle East are all settings for Shakespeare's plays, as you can see on this interactive map. The lower middle class paid a penny for admittance to the yard (like the yard outside a school building), where they stood on the ground, with the stage more or less at eye level—these spectators were called groundlings. As a rule of thumb, 1000 lines of Shakespeare’s text converts to about one hour of stage time, when performed. It’s interesting, then, that nearly a third of his plays are set on the boot-shaped peninsula when he never visited Italy! Learn to empower yourself - it feels good. We know, now, that he wrote several plays that were not included in that volume – plays that are often referred to as Shakespeare’s ‘lost plays’.. I’ve read a few Shakespearean plays : Julius Caesar, King Lear, Macbeth, Othello, Hamlett, Twelfth Night, Cymbaline, As You Like It, Romeo and Juliet, The Tempest and The Merchant of Venice. A problem for the Edward de Vere line is that many of Shakespeare’s plays were said to have been written after Edward de Vere’s death in 1604. His complete works—at least 38 surviving plays (including several collaborations), 154 sonnets, and … The latter two added many new plays, most of which are not today considered to be by Shakespeare. William Shakespeare (1564-1616), considered the greatest English-speaking writer in history and England’s national poet, has had more theatrical works performed than any other playwright. Complete List of Shakespeare's Characters There are many lists out there that purport to be "complete," but none of them have done what we've done—actually compile each and every character, including every servant, messenger, page, and every follower, into the most complete list ever created. Choose one of: Macbeth; Romeo and Juliet; The Tempest; The Merchant of Venice; Much Ado About Nothing; Julius Caesar. It is unlikely, even in Shakespeare’s day, that he would have performed the full version of his plays. The category of Shakespeare’s ‘Roman plays’ is simply a convenient description that scholars and critics have given to the four plays that Shakespeare set in ancient Rome. Stage directions in brackets accompany each scene to indicate where the action is taking place, when the actors should enter and leave the stage, and when instrumental or vocal music should play. Judith Mackrell: Christopher Wheeldon has staged a Winter's Tale to rival the many Romeo and Juliets. Shakespeare's plays are a canon of approximately 39 dramatic works written by English poet, playwright, and actor William Shakespeare.The exact number of plays—as well as their classifications as tragedy, history, or comedy—is a matter of scholarly debate. Although many people see Macbeth as the prime villain of the play, Lady Macbeth is the one who sparks many of the most destructive and deadly events of the play. "Folio" and "quarto" refer to the number of times a sheet of paper has been folded for printing, and thus gives a rough indication of the size of the book. A tourist from Switzerland, Thomas Platter, visited the newly opened Globe in summer 1599 and saw ‘an excellent performance of the tragedy of the first emperor Julius Caesar’, and was especially impressed by the cast’s dancing. I've seen many of these plays, perhaps the majority, at some point in my life, and the quality of the language and the wit is astounding. A complete list of the plays in order of length. 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