There are 500 architecture-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being architect, structure, design, architectural and building.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. Architects may also require understanding of sustainability, culture, law, business, materials, physics and other sciences. Architecture modeled after the buildings of ancient Greece and Rome. See more ideas about descriptive words, words, interior design. Dormer windows are sometimes crowned with pediments, and they often light attic sleeping rooms; “dormer” derives from “dormir,” French for “to sleep.”. The architecture, interior decoration and regal colors (“Pompeian red,” in particular) of these ancient cities influenced the Federal Style of the early 19th century. A turret is usually cylindrical, and is topped by a conical roof. The Corinthian column was the showiest of the three basic columns, with a tall acanthus leaf capital, a molded base, and a slender, fluted shaft. Flooring would blend from one room to another, as would the walls, which were usually left bare or painted white.” –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, SCANDINAVIAN: “Simplicity and function are the guiding principles that have shaped the design sensibilities of Nordic Europe, resulting in spaces suffused with light, airiness, and a feeling of oneness with nature. A roof with two slopes – front and rear– joining at a single ridge line parallel to the entrance façade. Similar to a terrace, a patio is an outdoor extension of a building, situated above the ground level, and open to the sky. It can lend individual personality—one pop of quirkiness among muted tones and textures. Jack arches are not actually arch-shaped, but are, instead, flat, and made of individual wedge-shaped bricks or stones held in place through compression. I love the societal concept of design for the masses as much as the classic furniture pieces from those periods still produced today.” –Dana Romeis, Castle Design, MODERN: “Moving away from the typically ornate and somewhat cluttered home, the modern style was focused on under-furnished spaces and bold primary colors. The lowest part of a classical entablature. © 2020 - The Trust for Architectural Easements, Selling or Buying an Easement-Encumbered Property, Energy-efficient properties of historic buildings. Pillars can be round or square in section, and are most often made of brick, stone, cement, or other masonry, although substantial wooden timbers can be formed into pillars. Fenestration: It’s a blanket terms for the design, construction, and presence of any openings in a building.Think windows, doors, vents, wall panels, skylights, curtain walls or louvers. Terms related interior design. Generally referred to as the spatial art of environmental design, form and practice, interior architecture is the process through which the interiors of buildings are designed, concerned with all aspects of the human uses of structural spaces. The Revival period in nineteenth-century American interior design and architecture was a direct result of the rapidly changing country. Often, a bay will protrude from the surface of the wall in which it is situated, thus creating a small, nook-like interior space, often of a rectangular or semi-hexagonal outline. Like-a-picture, charming, quaint. Two of the sides are trapezoidal in shape, while the remaining two sides are triangular, and thus meet the ridge at its end-points. 2. A decorative triangular piece situated over a portico, door, window, fireplace, etc. An exceptionally tall portion of a building. ... An agency of the U.S. Department of the Interior charged with the planning and administration of all parks and monuments in the federal park system. Properly communicating with your stylist, interior decorator or an art collector is the key to ending up with a product full of your personal style. A form of plaster made of mud, clay and moss used in poteaux-en-terre construction in French Colonial architecture, particularly in Louisiana. A four-sided hipped roof featuring two slopes on each side, the lower slopes being very steep, almost vertical, and the upper slopes sometimes being so horizontal that they are not visible from the ground. The widespread use in the mid-19th century of the jigsaw – a hand tool consisting of a handle attached to a small, thin blade – made gingerbread decorations readily available to home builders. It is sloped with concave curves at the top, and with convex curves at the bottom. The structural units that divide adjacent windows. This pairing is common and is most effective when several pairs of columns are used in series to form a colonnade. A requirement for the architect to notify the owner in writing of any deviations, deficiencies, or defects in the project. Bohemian: A decorative style featuring mis-matched furniture and assorted patterns. Twenty years from now, contemporary design will have a whole new look.” –Maria Lesko and Channing Glover, C&M Interiors, CHINOISERIE: “A French word that means ‘in the Chinese taste.’ It describes a European style of decorative ornament that was wildly popular in the 17th and 18th centuries, and still looks great today. A pavilion may also stand alone, separate from a larger building, or may be connected to a main building by a terrace or path. An enclosed brick or stone oven built adjacent to a hearth in early Dutch Colonial houses. The horizontal intersection of two roof slopes at the top of a roof. The designers from the Modern era inspire us to explore the unknown. See lattice-work. In ancient Rome, the Doric order was often replaced with the “Tuscan” order indigenous to the Italian peninsula; it consisted of an unfluted shaft, a simply molded capital, and a base. Architectural ideas usually do not originate in words. A sequence of alternating raised and lowered wall sections at the top of a high exterior wall or parapet. A characteristic (particularly of classical architecture) by which the two sides of a facade or architectural floor plan of a building present mirror images of one another. Date: 2009-2010. Bernoudy, being a student of Frank Lloyd Wright, like Wright, often incorporated Asian-influenced design elements. Fan lights are usually found over entrance doors and windows, particularly in Federal and Greek Revival homes. A finely-grained, foliated rock, native to Pennsylvania, Vermont, and New York, and found in many colors. of the three basic orders of classical Greek architecture (the others being the Doric and the Ionic orders). A supporting pillar consisting of a base, a cylindrical shaft, and a capital on top of the shaft. 314-918-3000. Casement windows often occur in pairs. A smooth surface, usually rectangular (or sometimes circular) in shape and framed by a molding, and often featuring decorative, sculptural carving. Slate has been used to roof buildings in the United States since the colonial era. You can decorate your home in an all white monochromatic style. An open, roofed porch, usually enclosed on the outside by a railing or balustrade, and often wrapping around two or more (or all of the) sides of a building. Chic: Design term use for “trust me, you’ll like it.” In classical architecture, series of urns and continuous or repeated swags of garlands are common decorative motifs. landscape architecture terms. Eclecticism in architecture was very popular in both Victorian England and in the United States during the second half of the 19th century. Now you can converse like a design pro. French Baroque architecture melded traditional French architectural forms (such as steep roofs and irregular rooflines) with classical Italian elements (such as columns, porticos, and segmental pediments), and greatly influenced the non-religious architecture of 18th-century Europe. A rigid framework, as of wooden beams or metal bars, which supports a structure, such as a roof. An arch consisting of two opposing “S”-curves meeting in a point at the apex. They broke rules, but they still had a structure. A floor plan in which there are no (or few) hallways, and rooms open directly onto one another, often through wide doorways. In a contemporary home today, you will often find clean lines, a connection to the outdoors, and an abundance of natural materials. Two adjacent doors that share the same door frame, and between which there is no separating vertical member. ‘High-low’ is very important in terms of price point; that’s inherently Southern.” –Retta le Ritz, Retta le Ritz interior design studio, TRANSITIONAL: “This style is seen as classic with a modern take. In ancient Greece, the Doric order was the masculine, and the most preferred, order. 3. Quizlet flashcards, activities and … On April 12, 2016 The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission voted to expand the Park Slope Historic District in Brooklyn, New York, for the second time since it was established in 1973. The space inside the triangular piece is called the “tympanum,” and is often decorated. Stained glass windows are fitted with pieces of colored glass, which often depict a picture or scene. A perpendicular window located in a sloping roof; triangular walls join the window to the roof. The two words “color” and “hue” are often used interchangeably; however, technically there is a difference. It’s noted for clean lines, bold color, angular shapes and stylized patterns such as zigzags.” –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, “I love the glam and the fact that they mix their metals. Ventilation panels, often highly decorative. A classical style of architecture. Pylon a monumental gateway to an ancient Egyptian temple, formed by a pair of truncated pyramidal towers. Owner right to appro… Just as it is with returns, cancellations of orders placed after the signing of … Saltbox roofs are common to the architecture of Colonial New England. Shallow, vertical grooves in the shaft of a column or pilaster. Elizabethan architecture resulted from the English debut of French and Italian Renaissance architecture, whose classical order and symmetry transformed the asymmetrical and rambling medieval English castle. Clapboards are a traditional weather-proofing device. Feb 11, 2019 Photo: Christian Harder; Interior Design by Joan Enger. A spirit, character, custom, etc. Contemporary design is often misrepresented as modern design. A band of richly sculpted ornamentation on a building. Case-Goods: Furniture made of hard materials such as wood, metal, glass or plastic. The part of a building that rises above the building’s eaves. Due to the impermanent nature of this construction, very few Poteau- en-terre buildings remain. A crowning projection at a roof line, often with molding or other classical detail. St. Louis, MO 63119 Arcade Passage or walkway covered over by a succession of arches or vaults supported by columns. The front facade of a building contains the building’s main entrance, the rear facade is the building’s rear exterior wall, and the side facades are a building’s side exterior walls. A small dome, or hexagonal or octagonal tower, located at the top of a building. Owner right to join the architect and contractor for arbitration and mediation. An exterior wall, or face, of a building. The following are common architectural terms. Glossary of Architectural Terms. Pairs of solid or slatted window coverings, traditionally hinged to the exterior of a building to either side of a window, used to block light or wind from the interior of a building. Materials such as plastic, steel and laminate were heavily used. Shingling is a traditional weather-proofing method for building. SEPTIC TANK- A covered tank in which waste matter is decomposed by natural bacterial … Vesuvius in 79 A.D. 2. Copyright 2020 SLM Media Group. In ancient Greece, the Ionic order was the feminine order, and the most appropriate for temples constructed in homage to goddesses. A wooden grid of boards overlaid atop an exterior surface. A roof with a bell-shaped profile. These years marked the height of both the British Empire and the Industrial Revolution, when the United Kingdom became a global power, and its culture, including its architecture, assimilated influences from all over the world. Interior Designer, Architect or Interior Architect? An outdoor extension of a building, situated above the ground level, and open to the sky. Below is a list of 18 common terms to help bridge the gap between art lover and art professional. There’s a cleanness and brightness with deep roots in the rustic. Gingerbreading often took the form of scalloped or zig-zag-edged clapboards, which were often painted in contrasting colors. Glossary was compiled by … At times, gingerbreading could be superfluous and almost gaudy, with excessive frills and curlicues. See bay. Jacobean architecture made use of many classical elements, such as columns, pilasters, and arcades, but it did so in a free and fanciful manner, rather than according to strict classical tradition. The aim is to be timeless by blending the old with the new. A series of arches supported by columns or other vertical elements. A design that incorporates a pointed shape similar to an accent mark, common to Art Deco architecture. Accouplement The placing of two columns or pilasters very close together. A section of a building distinguished by vertical elements such as columns or pillars. See gingerbreading. A colonial kitchen is usually large, with a wide, open hearth, and contains no modern conveniences (or else contains modern conveniences contrived to look pre-modern). The Parthenon temple was built in honor of the Greek goddess Athena; it was ringed with 46 columns, and crowned by two pediments containing a wealth of sculptural detail. Jacobean architecture was revived in the United States the early 20th century. A saw with a small, thin blade used for cutting curves and curlicues in wooden boards. A roof covered with straw, which is layered so as to shed rain quickly and effectively. Architecture is the planning, design and construction of buildings and other large structures. Brickwork made up of rows of bricks of alternating colors, typically red and white. For most students of architecture, the first few years of learning involve a demanding crash course in architectural jargon. The free-flowing floor plans of the Shingle and Prairie Styles are precursors to the modern floor plans of the 1930s onward, which emphasize a great deal of open space. A mode of wall construction in French Colonial America in which tall posts are rammed into the ground, and the spaces between them are filled with mud plaster, also known as bousillage. A projecting bay that is lit on all of its projecting sides by windows. Artistic: A design style that is unstructured and surprising. When the ridge line of a gable-roofed house is perpendicular to the street, the roof is said to be a “gable-end roof.”. See bay window and bay. Inspired by Richard Serra's Verb List, … Blind arcade or arcading: the same applied to the wall surface. A window frame that is hinged on one vertical side, and which swings open to either the inside or the outside of the building. Examples of case-goods are chests, tables, dressers, bookshelves and cabinets. A timber framework of Medieval European derivative whose timbers are in-filled with masonry or plaster. Rafters are the inclined, sloping framing members of a roof, to which the roof covering is affixed. Note that the formal subject library-phrase "interior decoration" will get you different results than using the more common "interior design".Try using the following words in your subject or keyword searches (click links to see book titles in OneSearch. Indigenous to Asia (particularly to China, Japan, and Korea), and typically located there within Buddhist temple precincts, pagodas were built as decorative garden structures in the United States and Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries, when exoticism in architectural ornament was highly fashionable. A belvedere is a square-shaped cupola. A shallow, non-structural rectangular column, attached to, and projecting only slightly from, a wall surface. A traditional ethos encompasses folk lore, music, art, dress, and building methods, among other things. Colored glass. Rooflines can be highly decorative, with balustrades, pediments, statuary, dormer windows, cross gables, etc. Two adjacent doors that share the same door frame, and between which there is no separating vertical member. A projection from a vertical surface that provides structural and/or visual support for overhanging elements such as cornices, balconies, and eaves. Rough-edged brick, often of variegated colors. See bay window. Free revision of the Construction Documents if the project goes over budget by a certain percentage, usually 15-20 percent. A semi-circular or semi-elliptical window, with wedge-shaped panes of glass separated by mullions arranged like the spokes of a wagon wheel. A roof with four sloped sides. Glossary of Architectural Terms Page 2 Corinthian column capital in architectural fiberglass (GFRP) featuring stylized Acanthus leaves. List of church architecture terms.The terms used in church architecture were developed first for the Gothic architecture cathedrals of the mediaeval era. What is Interior Design? A curved bay window. A mixing of various architectural styles and ornamentation of the past and present, including ornamentation from Asia. Picturesque settings were favored for their emotional associations. A platform that projects from the wall of a building, and which is enclosed on its outer three sides by a balustrade, railing, or parapet. The NPS is often referred to as the largest single employer of landscape architects in the United States. The Interior Design Career Center. All rights reserved. Here’s a list of six of the most common color terms used in interior design and decorating. Contrast: Creating contrast in a room's décor is achieved by using opposite textures (such as glass and wood), light and dark colors, solids an… A roof covered with tiles that are usually hollow and half-cylindrical in shape, and made out of clay. A large gilt statue of Athena once stood inside the temple. Search Certified Residential Interior Designer Programs. Colonial revivalists of the late 19th- and early 20th-centuries looked back upon colonial dwellings, especially colonial kitchens, with nostalgia for earlier, pre-industrial times. A small, square cupola that functions as a lookout tower, located at the top of a building. They had fun.” –April Jensen, ADJ Interiors, ARTS & CRAFTS: "An aesthetic movement of the latter half of the 19th century in England led by the teaching of William Morris.” (A History of Interior Design, by John Pile and Judith Gura) “As a movement to oppose industrialism, people turned to traditional crafts to produce items of furniture and decoration.” –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, BAUHAUS: “The motivations behind the creation of the Bauhaus lay in the 19th century, in anxieties about the soullessness of manufacturing and its products, and in fears about art’s loss of purpose in society. Which supports a structure, such as cornices, balconies, and eaves concepts and their.! Entry-Level position with an arcade or arcading: the same door frame, and continues.! As “ French doors ”, interior architecture terms to the sky in Colonial Colonial! Women dressed in ancient Greece, the Ionic and the Corinthian orders ) the Doric and the Ionic )! 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